This is often one of the first questions our clients ask us. So, here’s the deal on Calories and Macronutrients.

Calories are the basic unit for measuring energy. We consume energy as food and we expend energy as exercise and store it in our body as fat. Energy Balance is the relationship between input (food) and output (exercise).

Calories are made up of Macronutrients and to a smaller extent, Micronutrients. They are the highest level of breakdown between the kinds of energy we take into our bodies.

Macronutrients include protein, carbohydrates, Fat, Fibre and Alcohol. 

Water is its own category and makes up 55% of body weight. Dehydration as little as 1-2% can compromise optimal body health and performance.

Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals.

For the purpose of Claremont Wellness Collective Nutrition Programs, we focus on 3 main Macronutrients or “Macros” as they will be referred to from this point.

Each gram of Macronutrient contains an amount of energy (calories).

1 gram of fat = 9 calories
1 gram of protein = 4 calories
1 gram of carbohydrates = 4 calories
1 gram of fibre = 2 calories
1 gram of alcohol = 7 calories

Understanding the Macronutrient composition of our diet is where we begin to take control of our own health, wellbeing and ability to control our body’s performance and overall shape.